Broadmoor is a census-designated place (CDP) in an unincorporated area of San Mateo County, California, United States. The enclave is entirely surrounded by Daly City . The population was 4,176 at the 2010 census.
The 2010 United States Census] reported that Broadmoor had a population of 4,176. The population density was 9,277.0 people per square mile (3,581.9/km²). The racial makeup of Broadmoor was 1,705 (40.8%) White, 100 (2.4%) African American, 30 (0.7%) Native American, 1,676 (40.1%) Asian, 44 (1.1%) Pacific Islander, 359 (8.6%) from other races, and 262 (6.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 981 persons (23.5%).
The Census reported that 4,076 people (97.6% of the population) lived in households, 68 (1.6%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 32 (0.8%) were institutionalized.
There were 1,349 households, out of which 461 (34.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 782 (58.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 163 (12.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 80 (5.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 64 (4.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 12 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 227 households (16.8%) were made up of individuals and 110 (8.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02. There were 1,025 families (76.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.40.
The population was spread out with 854 people (20.5%) under the age of 18, 345 people (8.3%) aged 18 to 24, 1,095 people (26.2%) aged 25 to 44, 1,228 people (29.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 654 people (15.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.7 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.
There were 1,392 housing units at an average density of 3,092.3 per square mile (1,194.0/km²), of which 1,037 (76.9%) were owner-occupied, and 312 (23.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 1.9%. 2,981 people (71.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,095 people (26.2%) lived in rental housing units.
The farms that had long graced the area started to give way to suburban housing developments from the 1940s onwards. The residents of Broadmoor, rallying around their police protection district (see below) and their sense of identity as a separate community, have been mostly successful in fighting off annexation by Daly City, despite losing slices of their community’s territory, including its police headquarters, in the many piecemeal annexations which over the years saw Daly City gradually encircle Broadmoor in its entirety. Daly City’s attempts to annex the enclave and Broadmoor residents’ resistance to those efforts have led to strained relations between the two entities at times
A special property tax assessment funds the Broadmoor Police Department, which was founded in 1948 after residents grew concerned of long response times from the San Mateo County Sheriff’s Department—most of whose deputies are based in the southern end of the county. Fire protection is provided by the Colma Fire Protection District. The Colma Fire Protection District provides 24 hr paramedic(ALS) coverage 365 days a year. It is staffed with one paramedic at all times. The Broadmoor Police Department is staffed by eight full-time police officers, including the chief of police, and twenty-five part-time police officers.
The Broadmoor Police Protection District is governed by a Police Commission, the Broadmoor Police Protection District Board of Police Commissioners, which consists of three residents elected at large every four years.
In 2007 State Senator Leland Yee (California’s Eighth District) authored legislation sponsored by the Broadmoor Police Department to recognize Broadmoor as a municipal or city police department. Senate Bill 230, which was signed by Governor Schwarzenegger, provides Broadmoor Police with the same legal recognition and status of a city or municipal police department.
In 2011 State Assemblywoman Fiona Ma introduced Assembly Bill 911, which, if it becomes law, will give the Police Commission of the Broadmoor Police Department the power to adopt ordinances to regulate taxicabs and tow trucks. A violation of an ordinance adopted by the Police Commission would be a misdemeanor.