怎样提高演说中的词汇量?

怎样提高演说中的词汇量?


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After years of exhaustive research, we have come up with the six most effective techniques to improve your vocabulary quickly and easily. Here is a summary of the techniques:

经过我们多年的详细研究, 我们总结了6种最高效的快速而简单地提高英语词汇量的方法。 下面的相关的总结:

Vocabulary Technique #1 – Elaboration

方法1-精简

 

Elaboration is an easy technique that will increase your retention of new words by more that 670%. To find out more about elaboration, go to our lesson on elaboration.

精简是提高新单词记忆力高达670%的一种简单方法。 有关次方法的更多信息, 请进入

Vocabulary Technique #2 – Repetition

方法2: 重复

Repetition is one of the most effective ways to learn new words. However, most people overlook a simple technique that will double the effectiveness of repetition. To find out more, go to our lesson on repetition.

反复练习室学习新单词的最有效的方法。然而, 大部分人忽略了这种简答的方法,他能双倍提高重复的有效性。 更多信息, 请点击:

Vocabulary Technique #3 – Read and Record

方法三: 读和记录

Contrary to popular belief, reading alone won’t do much to improve your vocabulary. This is because most people tend to simply “skip over" words they don’t know. We have put together some powerful techniques that will allow you to get the most out of your reading. Read about these techniques in the lesson on reading and recording.

与流行的方法相反, 单纯只是读不能很快的增加词汇量。那是因为人们习惯略过他们不认识的单词。 我们只有将这些有效的方法集合一起,才能更加有效地帮助你阅读。 有关更多的技巧, 请单击:

Vocabulary Technique #4 – Personal Relevance

方法四: 个人关联

Did you know that our memories are actually geared to block out information that isn’t considered personally relevant? You can use this to your advantage by making new words personally relevant and dramatically improving your retention as a result. Read more in our lesson on relevance.

我们的记忆通常会将那些不经常与个人事情相关的信息给屏蔽掉, 从而忘记这些事情。 你可以让这些新的词汇跟你的个人事情相关联,这样就会很有效的提高词汇量。 相关阅读,请点击:

Vocabulary Technique #5 – Imagery

方法五:意像

Are you a visual learner? If so imagery could be your best bet for improving your vocabulary. Although imagery is a great tool, it doesn’t work well for all types of words. To find out how best to use imagery, go to lesson 5.

你说个视觉学习者吗? 如果是的, 图片及视屏将是你提高词汇量的最好方法。 尽管意像是一个很好的工具, 但是他并不是对所有的单词都派上用场。 得到跟多想噶U年的意像学习法,请点击:

Vocabulary Technique #6 – Play With Words

方法六: 跟单词做游戏

A great fun way to improve your vocabulary is to play word games. We show you the best games to boost your vocabulary and have fun while you do it. Read more in our lesson on word games.

一种很有趣的提高词汇量的方法就是跟单词做游戏。 我们会给你提供最高的游戏,他们能快速帮助您提高词汇量,并且让您乐在其中。 更多信息请阅读:

Vocabulary Technique #7 – How children do it

方法七: 儿童是怎样做的。

An 8 year old child learns more words in a week than the average adult does on a year. We can learn a lot about vocabulary improvement by studying the strategies children use to learn new language. Find out more in lesson 7.

一个8岁大的孩子能够在一个星期的时间内学到比成人一年时间还要多的词汇。 我们可以通过学习孩子学新词汇的方法,增加很多的词汇量。  更多请阅读lesson 7

Effective Ways to Improve Vocabulary: Tip #1
Studying lists of words is not the way. Spending time at the neighborhood Starbucks, I see plenty of university students preparing for the verbal section of the GRE with storebought word lists, fastidiously prepared flash cards, and other trappings of standardized test mania best served alongside a venti mocha. While not entirely futile, this list-based approach to vocabulary building is misguided at best. Words exist in contexts, and studying words divorced from their contexts makes those words harder to learn – and worse yet, harder to use later. (Think of it this way: if you want to improve your racquetball serve, you’ll probably want to position yourself in an actual racquetball court, right?).

 

学习一大堆单词是没有办法。花时间在附近的星巴克,我看很多大学生准备口头部分的GRE与storebought单词列表,一丝不苟的准备的闪存卡,及其他服饰躁狂症最好旁边一个通风摩卡的服务标准化测试。虽然不完全是徒劳的,这个基于列表的积累词汇的方法是错误的。词中存在的情况下,研究脱离其上下文的单词,使那些话更难学习 – 更糟糕的是,更难以后使用。 (想想它是这样的:如果您想提高您的壁球服务,你可能会想自己定位在一个实际的壁球场,对吧? )

 

Effective Ways to Improve Vocabulary: Tip #2
Read a lot. The experience of encountering unfamiliar words in print is remarkably instructive. First, because you’re already engaged in reading something, you are arguably more motivated to learn a new word so that you better understand what you’re voluntarily reading. Second, you have come across the word organically rather than artificially (i.e. in a vocabulary list). You’ll pick up new words – and clarify meanings of words already in your toolkit – by exposing yourself to them in their, shall we say, natural habitat. The context will enrich your attempt to build a better vocabulary.

 

大量阅读。遇到不熟悉的单词打印是非常有启发的。首先,因为你已经在阅读一些东西,你回更加主动学习新的词汇,以便更好理解你在阅读的内容。其次,你遇到的这个词,而不是人为地有机(即在词汇表) 。你会拿起新词 – 理解词义储存在你的工具箱 – 在任何情况下,使用它们来表达自己的想法,将丰富词汇。

Effective Ways to Improve Vocabulary: Tip #3
Read good writing. I admit that “good writing" is a contentious term, but in general, I consider writing to be�"good" if it communicates complex ideas in ways that are clear and concise yet thorough and detailed.

读后写作-我承认, 良好的写作时一个受争议的词语, 但是通常情况下, 我认为学做事一个很好的方法, 用简单地语言来表达复杂的想法。

 

So, what should you read regularly? I’m not qualified to prescribe exact sources for all, but I’ll reveal my biases and recommend some periodicals and blogs I like:

 

那么,通常可以阅读哪些方面的书呢? 我没有资格规定确切的来源,但我会展示我的爱好和推荐一些期刊和博客:
纽约时报“ ( 特别是星期日的)
“纽约客”
乌托阅读器
沙龙( www.salon.com )
马尔科姆·格拉德威尔(Malcolm Gladwell)的博客( www.gladwell.typepad.com

 

The New York Times (especially�on Sundays)
The New Yorker
The Utne Reader
Salon (www.salon.com)
Malcolm Gladwell’s Blog (www.gladwell.typepad.com)