New Haven, CT 06520, Top 100 Universities in USA 2014 – Rank – 15, Yale University In Connecticut
New Haven, CT 06520, United States
Yale University is a private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut, founded in 1701 in the Colony of Connecticut. The university is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States. Originally chartered as the “Collegiate School”, the institution traces its roots to 17th-century clergymen who sought to establish a college to train clergy and political leaders for the colony. In 1718, the College was renamed “Yale College” to honor a gift from Elihu Yale, a governor of theBritish East India Company. In 1861, the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences became the first U.S. institution to award the Ph.D.Yale became a founding member of the Association of American Universities in 1900. Yale College was transformed, beginning in the 1930s, through the establishment of residential colleges.
Yale is organized into twelve constituent schools: an undergraduate college, a Graduate School of Arts & Sciences, and ten professional schools; all but two schools have independent faculties and degree programs. In addition to a central campus indowntown New Haven, the university holds athletic facilities in western New Haven, a campus in West Haven, Connecticut, and forest and nature preserves throughout New England. The university’s assets include an endowment valued at $20.8 billion as of 2013,the second-largest of any academic institution in the world.
Almost all tenured professors teach undergraduate courses, more than 2,000 of which are offered annually. Yale’s library system, which holds more than 15 million volumes is the third-largest academic library in the United States. Its students compete intercollegiately as the Yale Bulldogs in the NCAA Division I Ivy League.
Yale has graduated many notable alumni, including five U.S. Presidents, 19 U.S. Supreme Court Justices, and many foreign heads of state. Moreover, 51 Nobel laureates have been affiliated with the University as students, faculty, or staff.
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The U.S. News & World Report ranked Yale third among U.S. national universities for 2014, as it has for each of the past ten years, in every case behind Princeton and Harvard. It was ranked fourth in the 2011 QS World University Rankings and tenth in the 2010 Times Higher Education World University Rankings. Shanghai Jiao Tong University’s Academic Ranking of World Universities, placed Yale at 11 in 2010. ARWU also ranked Yale 25th in Natural Sciences and Mathematics, 76–100th in Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences, 9th in Life and Agriculture Sciences, 21st in Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy, and 8th in Social Sciences worldwide.