College Station, TX 77842, Top 10 Petroleum Engineering USA, Rank – 2, Texas A&M
P.O. Box 30016
College Station, TX 77842
Texas A&M University (A&M or TAMU) is a coeducational public research university located in College Station, Texas, United States. It is the flagship institution of the Texas A&M University System, the fourth-largest university in the United States and the largest university in Texas. Texas A&M’s designation as a land, sea, and space grant institution reflects a range of research with ongoing projects funded by agencies such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and the Office of Naval Research. The school ranks in the top 20 American research institutes in terms of funding and has made contributions to such fields as animal cloning and petroleum engineering.
The first public institution of higher education in Texas, though not the first general university in the state, the school opened on October 4, 1876 as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas under the provisions of the Morrill Land-Grant Acts. Originally, the college taught no classes in agriculture, instead concentrating on classical studies, languages, literature, and applied mathematics. After four years, students could attain degrees in scientific agriculture, civil and mining engineering, and language and literature. Under the leadership of President James Earl Rudder, in the 1960s A&M desegregated, became coeducational, and dropped the requirement for participation in the Corps of Cadets. To reflect the institution’s expanded roles and academic offerings, the Texas Legislature renamed the school to Texas A&M University in 1963. The letters “A&M”, originally short for “Agricultural and Mechanical”, are retained only as a link to the university’s past. The school’s students, alumni, and sports teams are known as “Aggies“.
The main campus is one of the largest in America, spanning 5,500 acres (22 km2), and includes the George Bush Presidential Library. Approximately one-fifth of the student body lives on campus. Texas A&M has approximately 800 officially recognized student organizations. Many students also observe the traditions of Texas A&M University, which govern daily life as well as special occasions, including sports events. On July 1, 2012, the school joined the Southeastern Conference. A&M operates two branches:Texas A&M at Qatar and Texas A&M University at Galveston. Working with agencies such as the Texas AgriLife Research and Texas AgriLife Extension Service, Texas A&M has a direct presence in each of the 254 counties in Texas. The university offers degrees in over 150 courses of study through ten colleges and houses 18 research institutes. Texas A&M has awarded over 320,000 degrees, including 70,000 graduate and professional degrees.
As a Senior Military College, Texas A&M is one of three public universities with a full-time, volunteer Corps of Cadets.
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In the 2013 edition of the U.S. News and World Report ranking of national universities, the school is 65th.[Note 3] According to The Washington Monthly criteria, which considers research, community service, and social mobility, Texas A&M ranks second nationally in 2012. The John Templeton Foundation listed Texas A&M as one of the thirty-five American college programs that “communicate[s] the values of honesty, trust, respect, responsibility, integrity, and fairness in the classroom”. The 2011 Kiplinger’s Personal Financeranked the school as the 23rd best-value public university on the basis of in-state tuition, and the 35th best-value public university on the basis of out-of-state tuition. After conducting a survey of leading employment recruiters, the Wall Street Journal ranked Texas A&M 2nd nationally, as “most likely to help students land a job in key careers and professions”. In 2009 the National Science Foundation has recognized Texas A&M as one of the top 20 research institutions.
Internationally, the university is also well-regarded. In a comparison of educational quality, faculty quality, and research output,Shanghai Jiao Tong University ranked Texas A&M 51st nationally and 93rd internationally in its 2012 rankings. In its 2012-2013 rankings, The Times Higher Education Supplement listed Texas A&M 67th among North America’s universities, and 156th among world universities. The 2012/2013 QS World University Rankings ranked the university 165th overall in the world. In its 2013 edition, the Center for World University Rankings ranked Texas A&M as the 80th university globally and 50th university nationally.