When you leave school or college , someone will inevitably point out that it is not the end but only the beginning of learning. The speaker is right, of course. No educational process is the end. It is always the beginning of more learning and more living. And that is the case here. What has happened to you as a result of your reaction to the material and suggestion in this site is only the beginning of your development. To stop increasing your vocabulary is to stunt your intellectual growth. But to continue to grow intellectually as long as you remain alive with the momentum that your weeks of hard work have provided will not be at all difficult.
You can maintain a clever, astute and erudite persona whether you’re adolescent or octogenarian. This article will spell out how to find, learn, and use, ostentatious words so other people will kick up their estimates of the level of your intelligence. And here is a little secret: If you can learn to utilize words of this ilk, you doubtless are pretty sharp to begin with.
1.Become actively receptive to new words 积极接受新单词
Every time you read, there are opportunities to increase your vocabulary . Don’t ignore these opportunities. Many of us tend to skip unknown words and gain general understandings of phrases or paragraphs from their overall context. If you’re used to doing this, it may require additional effort to remember to note down the unknown words. Train yourself to be invariably aware when reading and listening to others, and remember the words that are not known to you. Look them up later in a dictionary.
2.Read more 阅读更多
Once you leave school, you won’t get new word drills and reading will become a cornerstone of building your vocabulary repertoire. As well as aiming to read well written magazines , essays, and Online material, read as many books as you have time and inclination for. Seek out the tomes of Dickens, Austen, and Hawthorne. Deliberately find books that are hard to read such as William Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury and James Joyce’s Ulysses .
3.Add the new words you meet in your reading to your own vocabulary .
When you see an unfamiliar word in a book , magazine, manual, etc., do not skip over it impatiently. Instead, pause for a moment and say it to yourself. Get used to its sound and its appearance. At first, try to puzzle out its possible meaning in the context of the sentence. Whether you come to the right conclusion or not, whether indeed you’re even able to come to any intelligent conclusion at all is of no importance. What is important is that, by that process, you’re becoming super conscious of the new word. As a result, you will suddenly notice that this very word pops up unexpectedly again and again in all sorts of places. For now your mind has been alerted to notice it. Once you’ve tried this exercise, look it up in the dictionary and confirm its meaning. After you’ve seen each newly learned word a few times, you will know fairly accurately not only what it means but the many ways in which it can be used; best of all, it’ll now form a part of your natural vocabulary.
4.Write more 多写
The more you write , the more your vocabulary increases as you’re forced into a position of expanding your word usage to convey precisely what it is that you wish to get across to the reader. When writing, aim to replace commonly used words with less used and more descriptive and interesting words; get out the thesaurus and use more challenging words. Doing this can improve your fiction, biographical , and some forms of work writing a great deal.
5.Read the dictionary 阅读字典
Expanding your vocabulary will always be improved by regularly diving into the dictionary and reading entries for words you aren’t yet familiar with. This requires the ownership of a quality dictionary to make it more interesting, so look for a dictionary that has lengthy explanations on the origins and uses of words, as these will go a long way to helping you remember the word and enjoy using your dictionary.
6.Do word puzzles and play word games 做填字游戏,玩文字游戏
Word puzzles are an excellent source of increasing your word knowledge because the puzzle creators will often need to resort to an array of unusual words to ensure that the words fit into their puzzles and that they are interesting for the puzzle doer. There are many varieties of vocabulary puzzles, including crosswords , find-a-word and hidden word puzzles. As well as strengthening your word knowledge, puzzles are also good for improving your critical thinking skills. For word games, try such games as Scrabble , Boggle, and Cranium to extend your vocabulary.
7.Learn a little Latin
Although it might seem like a dead and done language, knowing a bit of Latin is an excellent way to learn the roots of many words in the English language and can help you figure out the meaning of a wide range of words that you don’t yet know without having to resort to the dictionary. There are online Latin learning resources, as well as plenty of texts (check out your favorite used books bookstore).
8.Open your mind to new ideas
Every word you see is the translation of new idea. Think for few minutes of the areas of human knowledge that may possibly be unknown to you – psychology , semantics, anthropology, science, art, music, management, etc. Then, attack one of these areas methodically, by reading books on that particular subject. In every field, from the simplest to the most abstruse, there are several books for the average, untrained lay reader, right through to those for experts in the field. Push yourself with the reading as far as you can, to expose yourself to new ways of using the vocabulary and forming ideas; doing this will give you both a good grasp of the subject and, at the same time, add new vocabularies to your existing knowledge.
9.Set a goal设定一个目标
If you do nothing about your vocabulary, you will learn, at most, twenty-five to fifty new words in the next twelve months. With a conscious effort, you can learn several thousands of new words. Set your self a goal of finding and remembering several new words every day. While this may sound ambitious, you will discover as soon as you start actively looking for new words in your reading, and actively doing reading of a more challenging type, that new words are all around you and that this is an exciting goal to fulfill. And understand this – vocabulary building snowballs. The results of each new day search will be greater and greater. Once you provide the necessary initial push, once you gain momentum, once you become addicted to looking for new words, for finding new words and for taking possession of new words, you’ll find you can’t stop.
10.Make looking up 10 words in the dictionary a day a habit
Once that gets real simple start looking up 20,30, 40, etc.
11.Read the newspapers everyday每天阅读报纸
If you come across a word whose meaning is unknown to you, underline it and look up the word in the dictionary. Try using the new words you have learned in your daily conversation. Make it a habit. Start with a page a day, and in a while, your vocabulary will be expanded.
12.Use the new words that you met into a sentences